Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, are serious bacterial infections of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. This includes gums, bone and the fibers that support your teeth and hold them in the jaw, known as periodontal ligaments.
These bacterial infections can basically destroy your gums as well as the supporting bone that holds your teeth in your mouth.
The result of extreme, untreated periodontal disease is teeth that loosen and fall out, or need to be removed and replaced with dental bridges or implants. Additionally, you may require periodontal plastic surgery to cover and protect exposed tooth root surfaces, correct gum and jawbone indentations or reshape and repair the gum tissue. You may also require dental implants to replace destroyed tooth roots.
Additionally, periodontal disease has been linked to a number of health problems that extend far beyond your mouth including diabetes and heart disease. According to the American Academy of Period-ontology: